The Troubled Empire Epub À The Troubled PDF/EPUB or

The Troubled Empire Epub À The Troubled PDF/EPUB or

The Troubled Empire ❰PDF / Epub❯ ✅ The Troubled Empire Author Timothy Brook – The Mongol takeover in the 1270s changed the course of Chinese history The Confucian empire a millennium and a half in the making was suddenly thrust under foreign occupation What China had been befor The Mongol takeover in the s changed the course of Chinese history The Confucian empire a millennium and a half in the making was suddenly thrust under foreign occupation What China had been before its reunification as the Yuan dynasty in was no longer what it would be in the future Four centuries later another wave of steppe invaders would replace the Ming dynasty with yet another foreign occupation The Troubled Empire explores what happened to China between these two dramatic invasions If anything The Troubled PDF/EPUB or defined the complex dynamics of this period it was changes in the weather Asia like Europe experienced a Little Ice Age and as temperatures fell in the thirteenth century Kublai Khan moved south into China His Yuan dynasty collapsed in less than a century but Mongol values lived on in Ming institutions A second blast of cold in the s combined with drought was than the dynasty could stand and the Ming fell to Manchu invaders Against this background the first coherent ecological history of China in this period Timothy Brook explores the growth of autocracy social complexity and commercialization paying special attention to China s incorporation into the larger South China Sea economy These changes not only shaped what China would become but contributed to the formation of the early modern world.

10 thoughts on “The Troubled Empire

  1. Dmitri Dmitri says:

    This book is the fifth in Harvard's recent series on imperial China The project spans two thousand years in six volumes cleverly pairing pivotal dynasties such as in and Yuan with the classic eras that followed such as Han and Ming A device like this is needed to organize a subject so vast At over three hundred pages each it totals than two thousand pagesIt's a lot of reading but as it turns out not nearly enough to thoroughly cover the saga It is interesting to compare this extended approach to single volume histories such as Hucker's or Gernet's that make the attempt within a uarter of the text The greater space allows a fuller range of civic and private life to be shown which is an important advantageThis installment revisits the Yuan dynasty of Kublai Khan and the succeeding Ming dynasty of 1368 1644 It is written by Timothy Brook editor of the series and is a formidable contender for the best book in the collection It begins with the appearance of dragons harbingers of cataclysmic change drawn from imperial chronicles that read like medieval newspaper clippingsThe collapse of the dynasties are attributed by Brook to Little Ice Age climatic disturbances which correspond with the onset and low point of the cold temperatures Dragons are seen as metaphors for extreme weather the displeasure of Heaven and disasters for men Periods of drought and episodes of flooding accompany meteorological anomaliesFamine followed floods dams and dykes were destroyed plagues and pestilence prevailed The earth shook toppling cities and homes diverting rivers and killing millions Ash and smoke from Japan's volcanoes blotted out the sun and sky At each instance of disaster sightings of dragons were observed and concerns were raised about dynastic survivalAs with other volumes in this series there is much territory traversed Brook covers Marco Polo and Matteo Ricci conuests of the Jin and Song the Great Wall and Grand Canal the Yellow and Yangtze river regions civil service examinations and administrative districts census and migration Economy and ecology families and religion are not left outThe dominant mode of this series is thematic and topical instead of strictly chronological If you seek a straight forward narrative account of reigns and campaigns you will need to look elsewhere This book accomplishes what is often attempted but seldom achieved a balance of academic rigor and literary skill

  2. Ayu Ayu says:

    The author is slightly personable than any of the authors in the series This is also the era that covers Kublai Khan and Marco Polo and therefore the most familiar to me

  3. Zeke Chase Zeke Chase says:

    The upper side of 3 and half starsThe Fall of the Yuan Dynasty is one of the chaotic periods in human history with as many as thirty million people vanishing from the historical record Matthew White in his book “The Great Big Book of Horrible Things The Definitive Chronicle of History’s 100 Worst Atrocities” gives a mere paragraph on the number and at a guess divides it evenly in four between flood famine bubonic plague and warFor as much as I enjoyed Mr White’s book I wanted something a little in depthZhu Yuanzhang the Emperor Hongwu is regarded favourably from what I’ve seen as the founder of a great dynasty and the one that liberated China from the Mongol yoke repelled the alien overlords and brought self rule back to China I don’t see him that way I see him as one of the most barbarous mass murders in history fighting with Tamerlane and Stalin for number 8 on the list1“what mattered to Zhu was transforming the battered realm he seized from the Mongols into a Daoist utopia though it all too readily morphed into a Legalist gulag” This is a proper history book on the Yuan and Ming Dynasties collectively 1271 1644 in China written by Canadian Sinologist and historian with a PhD from Harvard and published by Harvard’s press It’s not necessarily for everyone“Zhu himself estimated the number of victims to be 15000 people A string of purges followed over the next fourteen years leading to the further execution of some 40000 state officials at all levels The purge of 1380s was the most horrendous bloodbath of civilian violence in human history to that time”In this regard the blunt honesty of Zhu’s despotism interesting that word was first used to describe Zhu’s reign this is an excellent book It also gives a brief overview of every emperor of the Yuan and the Ming with much heavy emphasis on the Ming; I’m given to understand Brook is perhaps the leading authority on Ming China out there today which I liked as well And his final chapter focusing on the Ming’s final collapse and briefly the rise of the ing answered many uestions I had about Nurhaci and Dorgon and the rebel bands that briefly established their own dynasties It also acknowledges the Zhang He discovery of America theory and points out the problems with itHowever this book does have flaws Principally being that there was extremely little on the Fall of the Yuan There was no mention of the Red Turban Rebellion or of Zhu’s courting the White Lotus Societies and these were central uestions that I had and still do This is not a narrative history as I’m accustomed to reading Rather it covers chapter by chapter the various elements of Chinese society during these times One chapter runs through the climate fluctuations that tormented the dynasties and ultimately helped to push Nurhaci south another chapter the maritime trading on the South China Sea There is a chapter on religious and philosophical beliefs but again there’s no mention of for example the White LotusI wish these uestions surrounding the actual establishment of the Ming were answered or explored in detail However despite that objection this is still a good book1 By my reckoning it goes something like this1Mao Zedong – 40 million2Genghis Khan – 40 million3Adolf Hitler – 34 million4Hideiki Tojo – 32 million using a number of 66 million for WWII about 32 of which was Pacific Theatre5Hong Xiuuan – 30 million6An Lushan – 36 million missing probably not that many dead7Nurhaci – 25 million8Joseph Stalin – 23 million9Tamerlane – 20 millionInsert Hongwu where you will

  4. Jonathan Jonathan says:

    The Mongols ruling as the Yuan dynasty who overran China and destroyed the Song dynasty set something of a new course in Chinese history which was unconsciously continued by the following dynasty the Ming Chinese society became commercially oriented and tied in with the world economy as it expanded it the 16th and 17th centuries While there were good years than bad China suffered a series of climatological and ecological downturns which in the end weakened the ruling house and made it easy for the invading Manchus to take over and establish their own dynasty Timothy Brook ably describes this era of confrontation and change both narratively and structurally and helps his cause by occasionally abandoning academic language for a series of anecdotes that bring the subjects at hand much closer to the reader An excellent introduction to the topic anyone with an interest in early modern China should read this book

  5. Marlo Marlo says:

    I previously read the book on the ing Dynasty in this series and I much prefer this one The ing one is extremely dry by comparison I especially love the second half of the book which focuses on beliefs objects and the South China Sea But I also love the introduction which discusses historical records of dragon sightings and how to approach them as a person studying history Timothy Brook also wrote a book about lingchi translated into English as death by a thousand cuts and it's a study of Western perceptions of cruelty in Chinese culture Definitely gonna have to move that higher on my to read list considering the merits of this book

  6. Mary Catelli Mary Catelli says:

    Another author in this seriesAlso another organization of topics Hits on the weather and disasters in this time it was after all the Little Ice Age and less on personal life Also on material possessions We have a lot of them obviously And includes several reports of the sighting of dragonsFeatures such tidbits as why widow remarriage was common than not though proscribed by Confucian rules; the Persian origin of blue and white porcelain which stemmed from the prohibition on eating from gold or silver plates creating a demand for a new conspicuous consumption outlet and the Chinese take over of the field; Marco Polo's account; and

  7. Birgitta Hoffmann Birgitta Hoffmann says:

    Interesting introduction into the mindset behind the Ming and Yuan period uite an eye opener at times

  8. Rebecca Pisano Rebecca Pisano says:

    My first foray into the Yuan and Ming dynasties of China Interesting broad encapsulating nearly every cultural facet regarding the Chinese way of life from the 13th 17th centuries

  9. Patricia Patricia says:

    If you're looking for a history of the Yuan and Ming China I wouldn't start with this book but I'd definitely make it #2 on the list It's not because it isn't a 5 star book that it definitely is Timothy Brook's books are page turners; he knows how to tell a story How can anyone resist a book that describes the arrival of the Jesuits in China as having surfed the tide of global trade p 234 The reason I would recommend one begin with a traditional history of Ming China ie one that covers the dynasty chronologically from Hóngwu to Chóngzhēn is because it makes Brook's approach which is thematic a much enjoyable read With the work of being introduced to the dynasty's rulers in chronological order done you can now sit back and enjoy this book as the fascinating history it isBy including such topics as climate change famines and plagues and the recorded sightings of dragons the chronological historical 'factoids' become logical and all the bits and pieces begin to fit together The growth of the merchant class is described in terms of the emergence of goods exceeding any notion of need p 186 If previously you only knew that it was during the reign of the Xuāndé emperor that reign marks first began to appear on imperial ceramics you can now add to it the discovery that the only emperor out of the 30 Yuan and Ming emperors who can be described as having sufficiently absorbed the culture of elegance to achieve real skill as a painter was not surprisingly Xuāndé p 192 An excellent bibliography an extensive index although when I searched for the entry 'Marco Polo' it wasn't there although he did appear on pages 24 25 plus a sprinkle of charts and maps are all there as well together with a handful of delightful stories that keep you turning the pages shipwrecked runaways the rat whose nighttime scavenges saved critical pages of Ming history and how the literati formed their own exclusive circles using meticulously compiled texts that dictated what was 'elegant' as opposed to 'vulgar' and how a specialised tea servant was essential when entertaining This is a book not to be judged by its title or cover which might make one hesitate given it is part of Harvard University's series on Chinese history It is rather a delightful and information rich volume that anyone interested in Asian history or culture will thoroughly enjoy Lucky will be those students who find this on a reuired reading list

  10. Reza Amiri Praramadhan Reza Amiri Praramadhan says:

    Not long after Genghis Khan’s demise his Mongol Empire fractured and his descendants set upon to spread the mongolian yoke all over the place One of them Khubilai focused on China and created the third last chinese dynasty the Yuan dynasty 1271 1368 As foreigners ruling as minorities over huge numbers of chinese majority as their subjects Yuan’s grip was almost always tenuous After some climate disasters the Yuans fell and the Ming dynasty 1368 1644 under the leadership of the hideously ugly Zhu Yuanzhang rose as the last ethnic chinese dynasty and the penultimate dynasty which reigned over China before in turn fell to another nomadic hordes the Manchus who became the last rulers of imperial China in name of the ing Dynasty What also made the fell of the Ming interesting was the series of disaster not very different from what befell the Yuan became the catalyst for Ming’s downfallAlthough I expected that the contents of this book would be about political history of Yuans and Mings I can see that it would be a tremendous task to write mostly about those especially about the Yuans and the scarcity of historical sources about them So the author decided to cover both of them in broadest possible way by telling us many aspects of daily lives under two dynasties making this book informativeWhat interested me and bored me the most was the prolonged period of disasters which fell upon two dynasties especially the climate related The chinese and most of the world had experienced tussles with extreme changes in climate and probably is how the earth works until now Would be an excellent argument against climate change doom prophets of today’s world The thing that bored me was the author’s fascinations of dragons which appeared on most of descriptions of disasters during the two eras

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *