An Entirely Synthetic Fish PDF Ì An Entirely PDF \

An Entirely Synthetic Fish PDF Ì An Entirely PDF \

10 thoughts on “An Entirely Synthetic Fish

  1. Scott Carles Scott Carles says:

    Sometime within the past ten years or so I became interested in native fish I have nothing against any species I just like to see fish that are “supposed” to be in a watershed in that watershed not some other species occupying that water This desire to find native species in their native range has taken my fishing buddy and me to some out of the way little creeks—we’re talking about places in the middle of the desert 100 miles from the nearest town Creeks whose widths are measured in inches not feet But it doesn’t seem to matter where we go how far away from “civilization” we get we still come across water stocked with non native species Many of these places were stocked long before motorized travel was possible And I’ve wondered what possessed people to stock fish in such placesAnders Halverson’s new book An Entirely Synthetic Fish How Rainbow Trout Beguiled America and Overran the World answers that uestion for me In a fascinating look at the social and political maneuverings of the late nineteenth century through the present Anders’ meticulous research lays bare some interesting tidbits of the stocking policies of the United StatesOne such gem is that the government was worried about the strength of the nation’s men that they had “notoriously less hardihood and endurance than the generation which preceded their own” George Perkins Marsh congressman and diplomat from the mid 1800’s This description was given in a report by Marsh under the auspices of the Legislature of Vermont on the Artificial Propagation of Fish He further stated that “the sports of the chase” angling being one of them was a way to increase the hardiness of the Americans At this time many waterways were already seeing a decline in fish numbers and the artificial propagation of fish was seen as a way to increase those numbers With the urge to increase the robustness of its men and the decline fish population the underpinnings were there for the introduction of non native speciesLast year Eccles from the Turning Over Small Stones blog and I had a discussion about the terms “Fish and Game” and “Fish and Wildlife” as used in various agencies Why were the terms “fish” and “game” separate? Shouldn’t it just be Game or Wildlife as in Utah Game or US Wildlife Service since fish are a type of game and fish are a type of wildlife? Anders informs us that by the 1870s congress formed the United States Fish Commission to help tackle the problem of declining fish stocks thus becoming the first governmental agency involved with animal husbandry in the US At a later time the “game” and “wildlife” were added as the agency expanded So in my mind at least this solves the mysteryHow the rainbow trout became the darling of the US Fish Commission and just about every other angling agency in the world is an interesting tale that Anders starts in San Francisco in 1872 with Livingston Stone looking for spawning salmon He eventually found the McCloud River and began propagating salmon By 1879 they were looking for a place on the McCloud to begin propagating trout as well And they did with astounding successBesides the historical ventures Anders skillfully and delightfully takes the reader on he also dissects the biology of the stocking programs covering the hardiness of a stock that is constantly used for breeding to whirling disease He discusses the loss of native species and the response or lack of it of individual state fish and game departments how some of them have switched from stocking to conservationThis brings up an interesting problem that many fish and game departments need to tackle what is their responsibility when sportsmen who pay for licenses whose money is then possibly used to bankroll conservation and restoration instead of stocking clamor for catchable fish?Through all of these topics Anders uses a reporters zeal for facts I’ve estimated over 250 sources listed in the bibliography and detachment thereby keeping an even keel on reporting the facts and not stepping on a soapbox to expound one particular side over another Even with this professional detachment there is a keen sense of understanding and compassion shown for the stories he tells For if nothing else but there is a lot of “else” the book is full of stories told with the storyteller’s artFull Disclosure I have corresponded with Anders a few times by email I was one of the first couple of anglers to join his new website Angler’s Life List and Native Fish Network And when he said he had a book available to be reviewed I asked for a copy I don’t have anything to profit from this review except getting a free book Which I already have

  2. John John says:

    A really interesting and well researched book about the perils of messing with Mother Nature in this case by introducing rainbow trout to bodies of water for the purpose of creating excellent fishing spots This book is also uite well written

  3. Dan Bischoff Dan Bischoff says:

    I'll never look at any trout the same way It's not just for people who like fish it's a great book for anyone interested in nature and the history of our country

  4. H R Koelling H R Koelling says:

    Amazing book Especially for someone like me who has spent much of his life in pursuit of various trout I was worried this book might be too scientific and full of jargon that the non scientist might find hard to understand but it was actually a very enjoyable and easily read book I learned so much from this book and I plan to talk about it amongst my fishing buddies when we are out on the Rogue or Deschutes some time

  5. Stephen Yoder Stephen Yoder says:

    So many palm to forehead moments were had while I read An Entirely Synthetic Fish The biggest one came for me toward the end where the author makes the persuasive complicated case that in many watersheds the rainbow trout has led to the functional extinction of certain pureblooded native trout even though the trout in those waters still look like the original native trout Whoa The vigor by which mankind has spread this fish far wide across the globe is rather astounding and the fish have responded in kind much to the detriment of many other species piscine amphibian and invertebrate I had no idea that an individual fish species has had such an impact across the many ecosystems of the United States alone Amazing I need to share this book with my pal Dave Diamond He might enjoy this book The tussles between researchers who learned that fish stocking and in particular airborne fish stocking was simply a wasteful practice in many western watersheds and the state fish wildlife people who had careers comprised of decades' worth of fish stocking was uite memorable Who likes to hear their life's work was simply a futile waste of taxpayers' funds?

  6. Dennis Robbins Dennis Robbins says:

    Eighty million Rainbow Trout are stocked in American waters every year In total nearly 20 million pounds That's 20 trout per every new American born every year Since the 1870s Rainbows have been introduced into every State and eighty different countries The genes of this fish can be traced to fish that lived in the upper reaches of the McCloud River in California Today there are than 75 strains of Rainbow Trout genetically manipulated to living in a wide range of conditions hence the title An Entirely Synthetic Fish But this book is so much than the history of Oncorhynchus mykiss and I recommend it to anyone interested fishery biology wild life fly fishing American history and conservation issuesI particularly enjoyed the book's history on American sport fishing An outdoor life that included hunting and fishing was thought to cultivate citizens with a variety important personal ualities such as courage and independence But in the 19th Century there was a fear we would become a less bold and spirited nation because of the loss sport fishing due to decreasing wild fish populations which was being caused by agriculture lumbering mining the growth of cities loss of natural habitats and the over harvesting of fish America used a technology fix to the loss fishing game through fish cultural There were public and private attempts to raise fish in hatcheries to replace diminishing wild fish Even the esteemed nature writer John Muir suggested putting fish in American waters to draw people to wild places Fish were planted everywhere Federal and State Fishing Commissions went so far as poison rivers to kill all native fish and replace them with sport fish like the Rainbow Among the 1000 high mountain lakes of the West only 5% contained fish 100 years ago By carpet bombing those lakes with trout dropped from surplus WWII bombers 60% of those lakes now have fishThis view of putting hatchery fish everywhere is changing Some river systems are no longer stocking fish allowing the populations to grow wild There are efforts to return native fish to their historical waters and remove non native fish But overall the places where non native fish have been planted are much greater than the number of places where non native fishes have been removedRead this book for the big uestions How do we balance the many competing interests over natural resources? But importantly what is our place in nature? Our we its stewards? Masters? As the author says I have become convincedthe root of many of these disputes lies in deeply held seldom dicsussed beliefs about the rightful human place in the natural world

  7. Nola Nola says:

    It is sad to learn that all American streams except perhaps in Alaska have been stocked with non native fish The extent to which nature has been altered is soberingThe author is a journalist with a PhD in ecology The writing is engaging and the subject is well researched I supposed what one gets from this book will vary depending on how much one already knows about trout in North America For me this wasn’t much The book tells what original ranges were of the various trout and a little history of how these developed after the last ice age There is not a lot of detail on this but just enough for developing a general concept that can be remembered The main point of the book is what people have done with trout in North America The background for this is the destruction of water bodies in the eastern US a century after the founding of the country and the acceptance of this in prevailing attitudes at the time While I knew something about how rivers in the east had been dammed I didn’t realize how much they had also been polluted and I had no idea that this was seen as an unavoidable cost of civilization It’s hard to know from this era but the author claims the prevailing wisdom of the late 19 century was that habitat destruction was inevitable and regulation of polluters or of fisheries was unthinkable Regulation of hunting or fishing was thought of as an unacceptable throw back to the aristocratic rule of the old world This meant that stocking hatchery fish was the only way to provide for sport fisheries Joseph Remy and Antoine Gehin were the first people known to propagate fish in a hatchery in France in the mid 1800’s Shortly afterward many states in the US had established fish commissions which propagated and stocked fish In covering rainbow trout the book touches on many things including movements to import old world species to North America and also to establish new world species in other parts of the world early taxonomic problems with the salmon genus the massive project to kill all the fish in the Green River prior to it being dammed and then stocking it with rainbow trout the beginnings of the Endangered Species Act how it was found that stocking fish actually decreased fish populations the beginnings of Trout Unlimited the discovery of whirling disease and its impact and relationship to hatcheries hybridization of hatchery rainbow trout with native cutthroat trout the stocking of the lakes of the high Sierras including carpet bombing techniues and the eventual discovery that these fish were driving native frogs to extinction The writing jumps around in time enough to make me wonder why it is organized uite the way it is It could be fluid but is still very readable

  8. Eugene Eugene says:

    I sincerely enjoyed the read Given Halverson's academic background I suppose I expected of an academic technical writing style not necessarily a vocabulary that is technical to the point of cumbersome which would really be inappropriate and uickly descend into gobbledygook in a text marketed to the general public but the sparser writing style that I would expect of a professional scientist a style reduced to almost bare bones concision This book is very much not that It is a warmly conversational and sincerely entertaining discussion all in easily understood lay terms that belies the suite of very technical concepts that is its subject matter Simply anybody who appreciates the fact that fish exist is likely to be able to easily digest the contents of this book and be enriched for itHalverson truly endeavors to set historic management decisions regarding rainbow trout coldwater fisheries and auaculture in a historical context considering the best status uo management practices of their time to make those stocking decisions of the past not seem so damning from a current conservationist perspective However while striving to give an objective voice to the other side his personal and subjective perhaps even just a little judgmental feelings of presented historic situations seem evidentThis book is also entertaining throughout I really enjoyed the presentation of history of some of North America's pioneers of ichthyology fisheries management and auaculture The chapter on some of the seeming absurdities of the aerial stocking from airplane of auatic organisms occasionally had me audibly guffawingCheck it and become mentally enriched all my ichthyic homies

  9. Bonny Bonny says:

    I'm not a big fan of fishing but I am a big fan of fish and this well researched book sheds a lot of light on trout fish hatcheries I enjoy them so much we visited one on our honeymoon and the practice of stocking I naively thought that many rivers streams and lakes were in a natural state as far as fish populations go but Halverson educated me about wild native and hatchery raised trout and much of the history behind them The chapter on Chronic Whirling Disease is especially informative I've never though of Trout Unlimited as an influential lobbying organization but I do now

  10. Peter Mogielnicki Peter Mogielnicki says:

    A fabulous story about the conseuences of meddling with nature this book by a Professor of ecology and avid fly fisherman traces the spread of a single species of fish around the globe and the resultant impact on the habitats in which it has been introduced Worth reading it for the history the natural history and the allegory

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

An Entirely Synthetic Fish [PDF] ✓ An Entirely Synthetic Fish By Anders Halverson – Anders Halverson provides an exhaustively researched and grippingly rendered account of the rainbow trout and why it has become the most commonly stocked and controversial freshwater fish in the Unite Anders Halverson provides an exhaustively researched and grippingly rendered account of the rainbow trout and why it has become the most commonly An Entirely PDF \ stocked and controversial freshwater fish in the United States Discovered in the remote waters of northern California rainbow trout have been artificially propagated and distributed for than years by government officials eager to present Americans with an opportunity to get back to nature by going fishing Proudly dubbed “An Entirely Synthetic Fish” by fisheries managers the rainbow trout has been introduced into every state and province in the United States and Canada and to every continent except Antarctica often with devastating effects on the native fauna Halverson examines the paradoxes and reveals a range of characters from nineteenth century boosters who believed rainbows could be the saviors of democracy to twenty first century biologists who now seek to eradicate them from waters around the globe Ultimately the story of the rainbow trout is the story of our relationship with the natural world—how it has changed and how it startlingly has not.