Paperback ã Richard II PDF å

Paperback ã Richard II PDF å

Richard II ❮BOOKS❯ ✷ Richard II ✭ Author William Shakespeare – Larringtonlifecoaching.co.uk Written in , Richard II occupies a significant place in the Shakespeare canon, marking the transition from the earlier history plays dominated by civil war and stark power to a nuanced representation Written in , Richard II occupies a significant place in the Shakespeare canon, marking the transition from the earlier history plays dominated by civil war and stark power to a nuanced representation of the political conflicts of England s past where character and politics are inextricably intertwined It is the first of four connected plays includingHenry IV,Henry IV, and Henry V generally considered Shakespeare s finest history plays The drama of Richard II centers on the power struggle between the grandiloquent King Richard and the plain spoken, blunt Henry Bolingbroke, who is banished from Britain at the beginning of the play But when Henry s father John of Gaunt dies, Richard confiscates his property with no regard to his son s rights, and Bolingbroke returns to confront the king, who surrenders his crown and is imprisoned in Pomfret Castle, where he is soon murdered This new edition in the acclaimed Oxford Shakespeare series features a freshly edited version of the text The wide ranging introduction describes the play s historical circumstances, both the period that it dramatizes the start of the wars of the roses and the period in which it was written late Elizabethan England , and the play s political significance in its own time and our own It also focuses on the play s richly poetic language and its success over the centuries as a play for the stage Extensive explanatory notes help readers at all levels understand and appreciate the language, characters, and dramatic action and the book s lively illustrations provide a sense of the historical background and performance of the play.


10 thoughts on “Richard II

  1. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    Tragedy of King Richard II , William ShakespeareKing Richard the Second is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in approximately 1595 It is based on the life of King Richard II of England ruled 1377 1399 and is the first part of a tetralogy, referred to by some scholars as the Henriad, followed by three plays concerning Richard s successors Henry IV, Part 1 Henry IV, Part 2 and Henry V 1989 Tragedy of King Richard II , William ShakespeareKing Richard the Second is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in approximately 1595 It is based on the life of King Richard II of England ruled 1377 1399 and is the first part of a tetralogy, referred to by some scholars as the Henriad, followed by three plays concerning Richard s successors Henry IV, Part 1 Henry IV, Part 2 and Henry V 1989 1367 249 1367 1400 1380 118 9645596424


  2. Bill Kerwin Bill Kerwin says:

    For the first time, Shakespeare creates a compelling historical protagonist who speaks naturally in a poetic voice that is distinctively his own In his earlier works involving kings and emperors, Shakespeare imitated Marlowe s mighty line with some if not complete success Richard III was inherently Marlovian, which helped but in Richard II he at last found a king a weak man but a considerable poet, with an eye for detail whom he could animate from the inside, a kingcomfortable wit For the first time, Shakespeare creates a compelling historical protagonist who speaks naturally in a poetic voice that is distinctively his own In his earlier works involving kings and emperors, Shakespeare imitated Marlowe s mighty line with some if not complete success Richard III was inherently Marlovian, which helped but in Richard II he at last found a king a weak man but a considerable poet, with an eye for detail whom he could animate from the inside, a kingcomfortable with the rhetoric of royal pageantry than with the governing his country Like Hamlet, Richard and his language dominate the play which he inhabits, and the downside to this is that the play inevitably loses a little of its light and beauty whenever he is not on the stage


  3. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    Richard II Wars of the Roses 1 , William Shakespeare, Roma Gill Editor King Richard the Second is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in approximately 1595 It is based on the life of King Richard II of England ruled 1377 1399 and is the first part of a tetra logy, referred to by some scholars as the Henriad, followed by three plays concerning Richard s successors Henry IV, Part 1 Henry IV, Part 2 and Henry V 1989 Richard II Wars of the Roses 1 , William Shakespeare, Roma Gill Editor King Richard the Second is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in approximately 1595 It is based on the life of King Richard II of England ruled 1377 1399 and is the first part of a tetra logy, referred to by some scholars as the Henriad, followed by three plays concerning Richard s successors Henry IV, Part 1 Henry IV, Part 2 and Henry V 1989 1367 249 1367 1400 16 1380 118


  4. J.L. Sutton J.L. Sutton says:

    Reading William Shakespeare makes me feel good about what can be accomplished in language Richard II is fantastic I d read Henry IV both parts multiple times without realizing that Richard II is considered the first play in the War of the Roses series Not only does Richard II provide a seamless transition to Henry IV, it also gives some introduction to the ways in which the monarchy was viewed As such, it serves as a great transition to Shakespeare s other history plays In the play, Richa Reading William Shakespeare makes me feel good about what can be accomplished in language Richard II is fantastic I d read Henry IV both parts multiple times without realizing that Richard II is considered the first play in the War of the Roses series Not only does Richard II provide a seamless transition to Henry IV, it also gives some introduction to the ways in which the monarchy was viewed As such, it serves as a great transition to Shakespeare s other history plays In the play, Richard II sees himself not so much as a person, but a personification of England and all its glory This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England Act 2 Scene 1 That s what makes the drama his banishment of Bolingbroke and subsequently robbing him of his birthright fortune so compelling In his role as king, he is entitled to do whatever he wants There is no wrong or right to his decisions his unquestioned will is also the will of the nation That logic makes it inconceivable that he would or could make a mistake When Bolingbroke returns and deposes Richard, he robs him of everything which made Richard great The Queen makes it clear it is not just a title which Richard has lost What, is my Richard both in shape and mindTransform d and weaken d hath Bolingbroke deposedThine intellect Queen, Act 5 Scene 1 The language resonated with me I m including some examples below For heaven s sake let us sit upon the groundAnd tell sad stories of the death of kings King Richard, Act 3 Scene 2 The shadow of your sorrow hath destroyed The shadow of your face Bolingbroke, Act 4 Scene 1 I wasted time, and now doth time waste me King Richard, Act 5 Scene 5 I ll make a voyage to the Holy Land To wash this blood off from my guilty hand King Henry, Act 5 Scene 6 Of course, at the beginning of Henry IV, Part 1, King Henry puts off this trip to the Holy Land, but that s another story Looking forward to reading the Henry IV plays again


  5. Sean Barrs Sean Barrs says:

    I ve read this four times now, and I ve seen three different versions of it too, yet one thing remains certain throughout, this can be interpreted in so many different ways Shakespeare s wonderful like that he ll write a line or a piece of verse that can be taken in so many ways, ultimately, changing the meaning of the play depending on how it is read or adapted Indeed, Shakespeare doesn t judge his characters Instead he portrays them how they may have perceived themselves To Richard s mind I ve read this four times now, and I ve seen three different versions of it too, yet one thing remains certain throughout, this can be interpreted in so many different ways Shakespeare s wonderful like that he ll write a line or a piece of verse that can be taken in so many ways, ultimately, changing the meaning of the play depending on how it is read or adapted Indeed, Shakespeare doesn t judge his characters Instead he portrays them how they may have perceived themselves To Richard s mind he is the undisputed mortal representative of God s will on earth he simply cannot be wrong in his actions Comparatively, Henry Bolingbroke is a man taking back his confiscated fortune and birth right When the crown comes into play it becomes incredibly difficult to perceive who the victim of the play is Is it the usurped King Or is it the unjustly banished Duke Shakespeare leaves it up to the audience to decide and fight it outYou may my glories and my state depose,But not my griefs still am I king of those Personally, I think both characters play a little bit of the victim and a little bit of the tyranniser They corner themselves into a situation in which every decision is a morally questionable one this is not something that could easily be resolved Richard could not simply welcome Bolingbroke with open arms, to do so would be to admit that he was himself wrong A King could never do that nor could he go down without some semblance of a fight or display of himself being usurped Richard is a boy King his body grew but his mind never fully developed to the realities of the world His decisions are rash, unfair and at times almost random He doesn t fully register the consequences of his actions That s what comes of a mind set that perceives itself as a conduit s of God s divine will He is God s chosen King therefore, he cannot be disobeyed So, when he banishes his cousin, and steals his fortune, it doesn t matter to him There s no injustice to it in his mind It is simply the will of the King and of God Conversely, Bolingbroke faces down the King and usurps his throne He claims to have entered England for the purposes of reclaiming his fortune and nothingBut, somehow, he ends up with his cousin s crown on his head When Richard returns to the Irish war he finds that all his most powerful nobles are behind his enemies cause He is destitute, but he is still the King of England Everybody recognises this, even Bolingbroke In his wrath he delivers his most monumental speech and his most devastating He calls upon the armies of heaven to vanquish this usurper Nothing happens Thus, Richard believes that God has abandoned him so he willingly gives the crown to Bolingbroke but, not without his final display of victimisation Bolingbroke still claims not to want the crown, though England wants him to have it So, he takes the throne and becomes Henry IVFor God s sake, let us sit upon the groundAnd tell sad stories of the death of kings How some have been deposed some slain in war,Some haunted by the ghosts they have deposed Some poison d by their wives some sleeping kill d All murder d for within the hollow crownThat rounds the mortal temples of a kingKeeps Death his court and there the antic sits,Scoffing his state and grinning at his pomp,Allowing him a breath, a little scene,To monarchize, be fear d and kill with looks,Infusing him with self and vain conceit,As if this flesh which walls about our life,Were brass impregnable, and humour d thusComes at the last and with a little pinBores through his castle wall, and farewell kingNow this is where the multifaceted nature of the play comes into question Who is the victim of the work Is there a villain The answer generally depends on your perception of the divine right of Kings, and the production you hold in your heart I cannot form a definitive answer for my own mind, so I cannot argue either way There isn t a straightforward answer to this History aside, both men make mistakes within the plays action But, who is to blame The tragic elements of the work are in Richard s favour, but his cousin is only after his birth right Through their conflict both men are backed into a corner in which only one can escape Damn, I love this play I might go read it again it is pure poetry


  6. James James says:

    Book Review4 out of 5 stars to Richard II, a tragedy or historical account written in 1595 by William Shakespeare Richard II is the first of a series written about the War of the Roses, a famous tug of war over England s throne just prior to Shakespeare s time This is the most fascinating period of English history for me and I loved reading this play Though Richard III is my favorite of all the kinds during this era, the circumstance surrounding Richard II s kingdom and power areBook Review4 out of 5 stars to Richard II, a tragedy or historical account written in 1595 by William Shakespeare Richard II is the first of a series written about the War of the Roses, a famous tug of war over England s throne just prior to Shakespeare s time This is the most fascinating period of English history for me and I loved reading this play Though Richard III is my favorite of all the kinds during this era, the circumstance surrounding Richard II s kingdom and power are quite unique He was either a brilliant man or the biggest loon out there He had ideas, but he couldn t follow through with them due to a split in his views on responsibility His words had beauty, but he wasn t respected Shakespeare paints a similar picture of him There s little plot in comparison to other plays It sof a historical account, a point in time view of what was happening Who was trying to take the throne What was each man s or woman s position How would it turn out People wanted to read this to see what he d choose If you re not a history buff, there s no point in reading it, other than perhaps for some of the beauty in the images being created in each passage and in the dialogue You might even want to brush up on the time period by reading some historical fiction such as a few of the books by Philippa Gregory covering these characters It ll help with perspective and background, then you can compare the way the characters cum real life people are portrayedAbout MeFor those new to me or my reviews here s the scoop I read A LOT I write A LOT And now I blog A LOT First the book review goes on Goodreads, and then I send it on over to my WordPress blog at where you ll also find TV Film reviews, the revealing and introspective 365 Daily Challenge and lots of blogging about places I ve visited all over the world And you can find all my social media profiles to get the details on the who what when where and my pictures Leave a comment and let me know what you think Vote in the poll and ratings Thanks for stopping by


  7. Bradley Bradley says:

    I m on a history kick, so what better way to supplement the immersion into The War Of The Roses than to dive into Shakespeare Richard II begins the weakness of kings, where if one could be deposed, yetcan follow Divine right be damned should we just rely on might It s kind of funny, reading this for the second time after so many years and other historical accounts, just how propagandist this play really is I suppose that shouldn t be a surprise, since it had only been a little over a I m on a history kick, so what better way to supplement the immersion into The War Of The Roses than to dive into Shakespeare Richard II begins the weakness of kings, where if one could be deposed, yetcan follow Divine right be damned should we just rely on might It s kind of funny, reading this for the second time after so many years and other historical accounts, just how propagandist this play really is I suppose that shouldn t be a surprise, since it had only been a little over a century prior from the time it was written, and Elizabeth is the product of so much Lancaster and York strife that stems right from these humble and piteous beginnings.Frankly, I m really surprised at the balance of this play, where Richard, boy king, makes monstrously poor decisions and banishes Henry Bolingbroke and later steals all his lands to fund a war in Ireland which goes disastrously Henry Bolingbroke returns from his banishment on such tidings, his lands and monies gone, his father dead, and he sues to get redress from the wrongs done to him He has good reason.But In deposing the king, it opens the weakness of all kings and puts the question to every mind in England can we ever stop If it is this easy to depose one, just how easily can we do it again, and again, and again And indeed, this play is perfectly historical in that respect, even if the man Richard was actually pretty good with finances and stopped fighting for war in France because England couldn t support it sigh The thing about Shakespeare is this DRAMA QUEEN The outcome of Richard s abdication is a long drawn out drama fest Oh woe is me, oh woe is me It makes for great spectacle, that s for sure, and we even get one of the longest soliloquies in Shakespeare right from Richard s mouth Henry is only better in his sorrow that all such things came to pass in that he had less page time I hated the man in life, but love in him death, indeed.As a side note, I loved the scenes with Henry s uncle and his wife trying to pardon their son s near treachery My god, the pathos it s taken so far it could easily be comedic relief, and I m certain that some productions of this play could turn it into just that.Same goes for old Gaunt s ramblings, which are tragic because he knew that Richard would disenfranchise Henry, but that s the beauty of these plays They re always entertaining and perhaps a bit over the top, but they re definitely not simple or simply interpreted Indeed, you can find plenty in this whole play to support the True King or Justice, or change your mind all over again and switch sides.Oddly enough, since I had just read King Henry IV part one this month, which directly follows the events in Richard II, I was horrified and bemused by Henry s several references to having bloody hands and washing them after Richard s death, because some twenty years later, as the king, he suffers from boils and agues on his hands and face, almost as if it is divine retribution for deposing the rightful king, and he always keeps gloves on and rubs his hands incessantly Perfect setup and execution But in this case, I m doing it backwards Fun stuff, and so amusing, even if it is propaganda Shakespeare was always walking a tightrope


  8. Lyn Lyn says:

    Richard II by William Shakespeare is an unexpected treat I have read reviews that say this is a literary precursor to Hamlet and King Lear and I can see it, also semblances of Macbeth The language is beautifully lyric, with strong speeches and excellent scenes, too many to list here Gaunt s England soliloquy is powerful as is several by the deposed and introspective king, and I especially liked York s confrontation with Bolingbroke and the rebels Richard is an extremely complex character and Richard II by William Shakespeare is an unexpected treat I have read reviews that say this is a literary precursor to Hamlet and King Lear and I can see it, also semblances of Macbeth The language is beautifully lyric, with strong speeches and excellent scenes, too many to list here Gaunt s England soliloquy is powerful as is several by the deposed and introspective king, and I especially liked York s confrontation with Bolingbroke and the rebels Richard is an extremely complex character and Shakespeare shows his genius in the man s pensive dynamics Shakespeare also demonstrates in Richard a hopeful lesson in redemption and confronting the evils in himself


  9. Leonard Gaya Leonard Gaya says:

    What is power What does it mean to be a king What is history about These are essential questions that Shakespeare tackled again and again through his Histories and many of his tragedies, from Julius Caesar to Macbeth and from Coriolanus to Lear Richard II is no exception and presents yet another turn of the Wheel of Fortune After writing the tetralogy of Henry VI in three parts and Richard III, Shakespeare wanted to explore the origins of the Wars of the Roses This, then, is the first What is power What does it mean to be a king What is history about These are essential questions that Shakespeare tackled again and again through his Histories and many of his tragedies, from Julius Caesar to Macbeth and from Coriolanus to Lear Richard II is no exception and presents yet another turn of the Wheel of Fortune After writing the tetralogy of Henry VI in three parts and Richard III, Shakespeare wanted to explore the origins of the Wars of the Roses This, then, is the first part of the Henriad , a prequel and a second tetralogy with Richard II, Henry IV in two parts and Henry V compare this process, if you will, to George Lucas producing three new episodes of Star War after his initial trilogyRichard II is a tyrannical and capricious king, who takes ill advised decisions, changes his mind on a whim, tries to impress everyone but fails miserably, makes a fool of himself, shoots himself in the foot, and is eventually forced to move over in this regard, he reminded me, at times, of the current U.S president Shakespeare makes him a petulant character but never sheds pathos over him.There are, however, in this play, some of the most touching expressions of patriotism and, at the same time, the fiercest criticism of political power See for instance John of Gaunt s angry rant II,1 This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England, etc Richard II was written around the same time as Romeo and Juliette, and the title role is redolent of that of Henry VI However, it is hard not to notice how some lines also herald future plays For instance, compare Richard s I live with bread like you, feel want, taste greed, need friends III,2 , and Shylock s famous If you prick us, do we not bleed However and above all, this play foreshadows the tragedy of Hamlet The king himself is a meditative, slightly cynical character, who delivers lyrical and sometimes rambling monologues, with hints of pessimistic metaphysics In particular, the dazzling scene of the destitution and the shattered mirror IV,1 , between Richard, the king, and Bolingbroke, the usurper, prophesies the famous confrontations between Hamlet, the prince, and Claudius, another usurper Ben Whishaw s Michael Jackson like performance as King Richard in the recent TV adaptation The Hollow Crown BBC is superb and kept me on my toes throughout


  10. Michael Finocchiaro Michael Finocchiaro says:

    Richard II takes place after a significant number of events transpire after the end of King Edward III the Black Prince has died and left Edward III with no sons alive so his grandson Richard II takes the throne The English holdings in England are consolidated, but due to the Treaty of Br tigny, the English claim to the French throne has been renounced For the moment The problem with Richard II is that he is not attentive enough to his country and challenged by Henry Bollingbroke and Henry s Richard II takes place after a significant number of events transpire after the end of King Edward III the Black Prince has died and left Edward III with no sons alive so his grandson Richard II takes the throne The English holdings in England are consolidated, but due to the Treaty of Br tigny, the English claim to the French throne has been renounced For the moment The problem with Richard II is that he is not attentive enough to his country and challenged by Henry Bollingbroke and Henry s father John of Gaunt, who is the best that England has to offer as a leader As the play opens, Thomas Mowbray and Henry Bollingbroke are in open conflict Henry accusing the Thomas of the murder of the Duke of Gloucester and are set to have a duel But, surprisingly and yet predictably due to Richard II s weak character , Richard II ends the duel before it starts and banishes both of the antagonists The return of Bollingbroke will have huge consequences towards the end of the play which is primarily on the conflict between these two and the eventual crowning of Bollingbroke as Henry IV in Act V, as well as the murder of the deposed Richard II This coup d etat will be paid for in blood in the following plays leading ultimately to Richard III.The play itself does a great job of showing off the indecisive personality of Richard II, the wisdom of the dying John of Gaunt, the bravery and rashness of Bollingbroke as the story moves inexorably forward I loved the elegy to England by the dying John of Gaunt JOHN OF GAUNT This royal throne of kings, this sceptered isle, This earth of majesty, this seat of Mars, This other Eden, demi paradise Richard II, Act 2 Scene iWhat is truly transcendent with Shakespeare is how the characters evolve In the case of Richard II who as I mentioned is relatively indecisive andinterested in culture than in politics, he has a melancholy realization that he will ultimately lose to Bollingbroke which is beautiful and sad and forms the core of the play RICHARD For within the hollow crownThat rounds the mortal temples of a kingKeeps Death his court.Richard II, Act 3, Scene iiThis phrase, the hollow crown was used by the BBC as the title for their excellent renditions of the historical plays all but Edward III and Henry VI Part 3 in 2012 and 2016 The performance of Ben Winshaw as Richard II was mesmerizing and the performance in general shed lights on so many corners of the text that I revised my rating to 4 There is so much depth here Particularly in Act 3, scene iv where Richard gives up his crown, but not without giving Bolingbroke a memorable spectacle which will haunt his coming days the speeches here are fantastic.The play ends with the murder of Richard II Alack, poor Richard and the dirty conscience of Henry IV which he promises to expiate via a pilgrimage to Jerusalem make a voyage to the Holy Land, To wash the blood off from my guilty hand As we will see in the Henry IV Part 2 he will never make this trip, but he will die in a chapel named Jerusalem


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